Leo Baekeland was a Belgian-American chemist who invented plastic accidentally. Still, its invention got a lot of praise due to the “n” number of advantages of plastic, such as being easy to carry, readily available, cheap, waterproof, and most importantly, its life span. But now, years later, its durability is causing problems, and its advantages are changing into disadvantages. Due to its extended lifespan, it is not degrading into inorganic or organic substances and filling up the massive landfills & polluting the ambiance by releasing poisonous gases. So, to solve this issue, authorities have introduced an EPR scheme for plastic, just like electronic waste, in 2012.
What is EPR Plastic?
EPR Plastic is the Extended Producer Responsibility for plastic; it comes under the 2016 program of Plastic Waste Management. It means the producer is no longer responsible for taking care of the waste plastic. In fact, according to this law, EPR Company must collect that waste plastic and dispose of it safely r recycle it for future use. In return, the plastic recycler is getting the financial benefit, and the plastic producer is earning plastic credit points and proving a good industrialist.
How is the emergence of EPR Plastic Beneficial?
Before implementing EPR for plastic, it is tough to distinguish the waste in the name of a specific company due to poor segregation. The rack picker will collect waste in bulk, and no company would manually do the work of segregating waste. This results in losing the company’s interest in recycling and building large hips of garbage all around the place.
The solution to this problem is plastic EPR companies. It is the dual profit scheme where the plastic recycler is responsible for collecting & processing the waste, and the plastic producer will get credit points. The responsibility of EPR can be physical, fiscal, or both.
What are the effects of plastic EPR?
The EPR plays a triple role; let us understand how.
- First is collecting waste from producer & then recycling or re-designing it to form a new product for selling in the market.
- The second is minimizing the waste from around us to reduce the proportion of poisonous gases & toxic chemicals from the environment and minimize the greenhouse effect.
- The third is meeting the consumer’s demand for recycled or environmentally hazardous free products.
- Fourth, knowledging citizens about the plastic recycling methods, advantages of using recycled products, and encouraging them to do so.
Plastic EPR works on regulating plastic waste, collecting ~ processing ~converting it into finished goods. But this system can only work if the basic ground rules are entirely studied before implementing the law & sufficient time is provided for the processing. Lacking any of these two factors can lead to the collapsing of the plastic EPR system.
Conclusion By far, you have read that as per the modern laws, it is the EPR’s duty for plastic waste management, and that can only be viable if two ground rules have been followed. But next to the list is PRO (producer responsibility organization).