In recent years, plastic-the wonder material recognized for its resilience, toughness and affordability, has become a major environmental threat. This ubiquitous environmental nature of plastic has contributed to its entry into the human body, posing a danger to human health.
With more than 400 million tons of plastic manufactured worldwide each year.
Plastic is still an option for industries such as cosmetics, food packaging, utensils, etc. Most of the plastic waste ends up in dump yards and accumulates in water bodies as well. Several studies have shown its harmful effects on the marine environment and its presence in marine animal bodies, such as fish, molluscs, turtles, etc. Via the ingestion of fish, plastic enters the bodies of its producers, humans, closing the complete circle.
It’s a fundamental fact that the ocean has transformed into a plastic broth and plastic reaches the food chain through the fish we consume.
While most individuals are concerned with largerplastic forms that often break down over time into small bits, there is a relatively new player: Micro-plastics.
A more serious health threat emerges from micro-plastics and nano-plastics created by physical, biological and chemical behavior of plastics. Micro and nano plastics can penetrate human bodies because of their invisible existence through the use of items containing nano-plastics, such as sugar, honey, rice, bread, pasta, milk, utensils, toothpaste, etc., other than by a consumption of seafood.
Micro-plastics in tap and bottled water have also been detected in recent research.
Nano-plastics are unknowingly inhaled by workers in the textile and PVC industries as well.
Though these micro plastics are everywhere, the impact of rising plastic cells on the human body still remains unknown.